Vascular Disease A-Z

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Angioplasty Stenting for Arterial Occlusive Disease

Aortic Aneurysm

Arterial Bypass Surgery

Atherosclerosis

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Endarterectomy

Carotid Stenting

Deep Vein Thrombosis and Thrombophlebitis

Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Lower Extremity Arterial Occlusive Disease

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Renal and Mesenteric Artery Occlusive Disease

Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins

Thrombosis

Varicose Vein Ligation and Stripping

Varicose Veins

Venous Insufficiency and Venous Ulcers

 
 
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Atherosclerosis Disease- Receive Atherosclerosis Treatment at MGH

Atherosclerosis Disease

What is atherosclerosis disease?

Atherosclerosis disease is a type of arteriosclerosis caused by a build-up of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. (Arteriosclerosis is a general term for thickening or hardening of the arteries.) Artery plaque is made up of deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin, and can develop in medium or large arteries. The artery wall becomes thickened and looses its elasticity.

Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may start as early as childhood. However, the disease has the potential to progress rapidly.

What causes atherosclerosis disease?

It is unknown exactly how atherosclerosis begins or what causes it. Some scientists think that certain risk factors may be associated with atherosclerosis, including:

  • elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • high blood pressure
  • smoking
  • diabetes mellitus (type 1 diabetes)
  • obesity
  • physical inactivity

 

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