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School-Based Interventions : Suicidality
 
Interventions for Suicidal or Self-Harm Thoughts

Accommodations
  1. Assign the student to work in cooperative learning groups

    Example:
    Have the student create a plan for completing all classroom assignments and homework with learning groups and a homework partner (For example, book report choices could include working with two other students to create a poster describing the book; or working with three other students to create a game show highlighting the book).

Modifications

  • Help the student establish personal goals for the future

    Example:
    Ask the student to define five goals for the next five years focusing on career goals, family relationships, and personal aspirations. Record these in a personal journal.
  • Assign the student to attend at least two school-sponsored functions per month with a friend

    Example:
    The student will attend one band concert and football game each month and will use a personal journal to plan and review the events. top

Specialized Instruction

  • Have the student clarify self-harm vs. suicidal thoughts and devise safety protocols for each

    Example:
    Devise a plan to address thoughts of dying and also to address self-harmful behaviors such as cutting.
  • Help the student examine the impact of his/her suicidal behaviors on important people in his/her life

    Example:
    Ask the student to make a list of significant others in his/her life, rate the degree of support available, closeness felt or influence that person has, and examine how suicidal behaviors affect each of these significant others.
  • Identify appropriate methods for expressing feelings of hopelessness or self-destruction

    Example:
    Encourage the student to draw pictures, write songs or poems, or use sculpting to depict feelings of sadness, anger or despair. top

Behavioral Planning

  • Devise a safety plan for crisis situations

    Example:
    Please check back for a sample crisis plan.
  • Establish a hierarchy of people for the student and staff to contact if the student has suicidal thoughts

    Example:
    Specify multiple staff and treatment providers, and the order or circumstances for contacting them, when the student is feeling or appearing unsafe.
  • Develop a suicide prevention plan with the student and parent(s) to be used at home

    Example:
    Devise a routine to minimize suicide risk. This may include the student taking a bath or shower, playing soft music, reading a particular story, repeating a positive self-talk phrase, or talking with a trusted adult. top
 
 
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