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School-Based Interventions : Nonverbal Learning Disability
Interventions for Motor Difficulties

  1. Assist, simplify, or break down motor tasks such as using scissors

    Teach the student to use a verbal sequential approach for motor tasks. "Let's look at the scissors. The scissors have two handles. Count them. First put your fingers in the top handle. Then put your thumb in the bottom handle."
  2. Limit and/or provide support for drawing, copying, note taking or lengthy writing assignments

    To develop "copying from the board" visual motor skills: underline sentences; leave more space between each line; or draw a border around the story or the material to be copied.
  3. Assist the student in visually capturing written information by highlighting related information and limiting visual distractions

    Have the student use an "EZ Reader" reading strip that highlights only the text that is being read. In preparing materials for the class (tests, worksheets, homework assignments), only include necessary information. Eliminate extra artwork, fancy borders, cursive text, etc.


  • Limit handwriting assignments and grade readability rather than neatness

    Allow the student to use larger spaces or lined paper for writing assignments. Instead of writing a book report, allow the student to orally present the book report.
  • Provide alternatives to handwriting

    If the student has difficulty with handwriting, allow computer typing. If he/she has limited keyboard skills, let him/her dictate longer written assignments to an adult while the adult types on the computer.
  • Simplify test answer layout and arrangement

    Allow the student to use graph paper to align columns for math problems or use lined paper horizontally.
  • Provide enlarged print tests and extra page space for handwritten answers

    Reduce the number of problems on a page and/or enlarge printed text so that it is more readable to the student. Group similar problems (division on one page). Provide extra space for handwritten answers and indicate where exactly on the paper students should start writing their answer. ("Start your answer on the left where the X is, on the first line after the question.") top

Specialized Instruction

  • Teach alternatives to handwriting

    Provide early and sustained training in keyboarding skills.
  • Adjust classroom space (and time) to allow for student difficulties with physical movement within the classroom

    Make wide and clear pathways between play and work areas, with arrows on the floor. Position bean bag chairs or cushions next to, but not in front of, bookshelves. top
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