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School-Based Interventions : Depression
Interventions for Fatigue/Energy Loss

  1. Augment classroom instruction with recordings of instruction

    Tape-record or videotape lectures and provide recordings to the student.
  2. Provide class notes to the student

    Designate a scribe to take class notes and provide them to the student.
  3. Identify study partners who can support and assist with assignments

    Allow a peer to study with the student and to assist in academic assignments.
  4. Introduce physical activity throughout the day

    Provide the student physical responsibilities (taking attendance to the office, emptying trash, putting up class materials) throughout the day to encourage physical activity.
  5. Have the student participate in teacher-led 'choral responses'

    Provide opportunities for all students in the class or group to respond orally in unison to a teacher prompt. This is ideal for curriculum content that: can be answered in short responses, has only a single correct answer to a question, or can be presented in a fast-paced manner. For example, post a large "Yes" sign in the left corner and large "No" sign in the opposite corner. Students silently point to the appropriate sign in answering a series of yes-no questions posed by the teacher.
  6. Have the student start with familiar, previously successful tasks to get going and then move to new and/or more challenging tasks

    Devise with the student and parents a plan for starting with more comfortable tasks ("We are going to start the day by using the computer to write about our favorite songs and then we will do our reading assignment") .
  7. Break the class into smaller time blocks where the student's efforts are rewarded in 10-20 minute intervals

    Use a timer to reward successful efforts by the student/class every 10 or 20 minutes. Reward may be verbal or tangible depending on the needs of the student and/or class.
  8. Provide the student alternative response formats based on his/her energy level

    Allow the student choices such as silent reading, interactive discussion, or written response in order to match the student's energy level to tasks. top


  • Grade the student based on work completed or attempted (rather than work assigned)

    Grade items completed (for example, even numbers only), and do not count the items the student does not get to (odd items). top

Specialized Instruction

  • Allow the student to use response cards held up simultaneously with peers

    Students can respond as a group using "response cards" that display their answers to a teacher question or academic problem. For example, give each student cards with pre-printed response choices (eg., YES/NO) or cards on which students write one to two word responses such as answers to multiplication problems.
  • Create opportunities for aerobic activity at school

    Encourage the student to engage in physical activity within subject courses, such as acting out scenes in literature, hopping for counting, walking on school tiles to multiply. top
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