Dr. Nicole Danforth: There are several treatment that are available, several of which are non-medication related and many of which are medication related. In terms of non-medication treatments, we are trying to work very closely with families and schools and communities, and the sense is that the patient with TS isn't just the person suffering with TS. It's also that person's family, that person's school, and that person's community. And so, we are trying hard to work closely with, for instance, occupational therapists, speech therapists, physical therapists, and schools. Lots of tutoring, and lots of structure, because one of the things that we have found, especially in younger children with TS, their inability to sort of transition and shift sets. For instance, you know, the inflexibility that we see with people with TS makes it incredibly difficult to move from, "please go get your sneakers, it's time to get on the school bus in five minutes." It's very hard for the person with TS you know, with a young child, to do that. And so, we try to encourage structure, in a therapeutic way. So it's not really talk therapy, in that sense. It's more sort of behavioral therapy, and we've had a lot of success with as much structure as possible.
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