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BITS OF CULTURE - Chad
 
Languages
Map
Cultural Values
Main Religion & Death Concepts/Rituals
Health Care Values
Diet
Interesting Facts
 

Languages

Official language:
Arabic
French

Other languages:
120+ indigenous Chadian languages and dialects

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Map



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Cultural Values
  • In the villages, it is the popular belief that if you take some of the dry matter from the corner of a dog's eye and put it in your own, that you will see demons.
  • A future husband is required to work in the fields of his father-in-law for three years. He also makes straw mats, builds a hut for his mother-in-law, builds a ligdabe to shade her from the sun.
  • Never talk to a Chadian while staring him or her in the eyes; he might think you are mad at them.
  • When shaking your hand with a Muslim, you touch your hand to your heart after you finish shaking hands. This means, you wish peace to him, and that peace may be on you as well.

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Main Religion & Death Concepts/Rituals
  • Islam & Christianity
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Health Care Values
  • When a woman gives birth, she cannot leave her living quarters. It is believed that she is in danger of becoming sick with certain illnesses, or that she will be "captured" by evil spirits.
  • Donkey's milk is used to cure whooping cough, and tamarind fruit to cure measles.
  • Be careful not to admire what a Chadian friend owns, or their children, especially if they are babies. There is a belief that when someone covets something belonging to another, power is released to cause them to lose what is coveted. This is called the power of the evil eye.

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Diet
  • Dates and eggs are an important food.
  • Chadians often combine fish and meat in the same one-pot meal.
  • In the south, the staples of rice, millet, and peanuts are more plentiful.
  • Omelets are served alongside meat and rice.
  • Fruit juices and the millet beer called bili bili are traditional beverages.


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Interesting Facts
  • Chad australopithecine in an early hominid between two hundred thousand and five hundred thousand years old found in the southeast of Chad, along with the teeth of an extinct elephant.
  • The tip of a home may have an ostrich egg on it, an "X" or other symbol depending on the people and clan who live there.

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