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BITS OF CULTURE - Bulgaria
 
Languages
Geography
Cultural Values
Main Religion & Death Concepts/Rituals
Health Care Values
Diet
Interesting Facts
 

Languages

Bulgarian,
some Turkic languages
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Geography


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Cultural Values
  • Culture influenced by Byzantine, Greek, Russian, and Western cultures.
  • They value education (100% literacy rate), the arts and literature and have more than 200 museums in the country.
  • In rural areas Bulgarians live in single-family houses; most urban dwellers live in apartments

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Main Religion & Death Concepts/Rituals
  • Bulgarian Orthodox

Death Concepts/Rituals

  • Bulgarian peasants typically set aside the first fruits of the land for the dead, before any of the produce is consumed, to ensure good crops for the future.
  • The dead are thought to have influence over the productivity of the land.
  • At a funeral hot bread or grains are passed out to those present.
  • These offerings are said to please and nourish the deceased, and again help maintain the ties between the living and the dead.

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Health Care Values

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Diet
  • Breakfast is a bread-based snack on the run – they will eat banitsi - cheese pastries, often washed down with boza, a gluggy millet drink which is an acquired taste.
  • Lunch is the main meal of the day.
  • Main Bulgarian foods are Lamb, potatoes, tomatoes, onions, peppers, eggplant, cucumbers, and yogurt.
  • Typical meal: Cucumber salad and yogurt or bean soup and shish kebab.
  • Lokum (a nut-filled pastry) is a common dessert.
  • Wine and Brandy are of high quality.

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Interesting Facts
  • Every year on the 1st of March, the Bulgarians give each other 'martenitsas' - small figures made of white and red threads, a symbol of the awakening, of spring, health and happiness.
  • Soccer is the most popular sport.
  • Bulgarians waggle their heads Indian-style to mean yes, and nod to mean no.

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